City Nouns, Adjectives and Synonyms

City Collocations (Very Useful)

condominium/apartment complexan apartment building or group of houses in which each flat/apartment/house is owned by the person living in it but the shared areas are owned by everyone together
Urbanisationthe process in which towns, streets, factories, etc. are built where there was once countryside
Mass transportation systems/public transportation systemsthe system of buses, trains, etc. provided by the government or by companies, which people use to travel from one place to another
Traffic jams/congestiona long line of vehicles on a road that cannot move or that can only move very slowly
Rush hourthe time, usually twice a day, when the roads are full of traffic and trains are crowded because people are travelling to or from work
Dangerous levels of air pollution

Air quality above the level which is safe for humans
https://ieltsmatt.com/ielts-environment-air-pollution-vocabulary/

Smoga form of air pollution that is or looks like a mixture of smoke and fog, especially in cities
Convenient/local amenitiesa feature that makes a place pleasant, comfortable or easy to live in
Prestigious educational facilitiesHigh quality colleges and universities
Advanced medical careModern hospitals with cutting-edge treatment options
Varied entertainment options.lively bars/restaurantsMany different ways to spend free time, movie theatres, restaurants etc
Ample/Wonderful job opportunitiesLots of good job options
Economies of scaleCheaper products caused by producing more of them. These savings can be passed on to customers.
Diverse populationPeople who are different from each other
Higher crime and poverty ratesMore criminals and poor people.
Inequality of wealthA big difference between the richest and poorest members of a city
Overcrowdingthe situation when there are too many people or things in one place
Transport hubsThe central point that links all transport options in a city or country
Takeaway food delivery optionsFood delivered to your door or available to collect from the restaurant
On-demand transportation options such as Uber or LyftTaxi services operated by regular people (not official taxi drivers)
Chain storesa group of shops/stores or hotels owned by the same company
Fashionable boutiques/upmarket shopsHigh-end shops often selling designer clothes or items from independent labels.
Sprawling citya city that has grown over time and which covers a wide area
High-rise flatsMulti-story
inner-citythe central part of a city where people live and where conditions are often poor
in the suburbsthe outer area of large towns and cities where people live
Places of interest/tourist attraction/tourist hotspotsbuildings that have a particular interest for visitors
Residential areaan area where people live
Faster pace of lifeHigh speed of living in cities

Exercise 1

Write two paragraphs with the advantages and disadvantages of living in your city/local city.

Exercise 2

Think about 2 or 3 cities that you have visited/lived in and decide whether your advantages or disadvantages would apply to them too.

Exercise 3

Use the two links at the top of this document and create a list of high-level verbs and adjectives to go with the word city.

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