Please read the following article to see the vocabulary used in context, this is an excellent way of reinforcing the vocabulary and making it more likely that you will remember it in the future.

Sugar Tax Article BBC


Verbs to use with restrictions



accept/be subject to


Make restrictions

Take away restrictions

Adjectives to describe restrictions








Types of restrictions (relevant to question)

Advertising, financial, import, price, time, trade,



Prepositions for restrictions

Without restriction


Restrictions on/upon

Citizens of the EU can travel without restriction in the EU.

The regulations were seen as a restriction on personal freedom

Fizzy drinks/soda/sugary soft drinks

Coca Cola/Sprite/Pepsi etc

Curb dangerous levels of obesity

Reduce the weight problem

Multi-tiered levy

A tax with 2 or more levels.

More than 5gm of sugar per 100ml=18p tax

More than 8gm of sugar per 100ml=24p tax

The UK government brought in a so-called fat tax/sugar tax

The UK government introduced a tax which was informally called …

Push companies to reformulate their products

Encourage companies to change the ingredients of their products

Encourage lower and less frequent sugar consumption

Try to make people consume less sugar, less often.

Sugar addiction

Can’t live without sugar

Obesity epidemic

A crisis of obesity in a country/the world

Weight-related medical services

Hospital care especially illnesses related to weight. Diabetes, heart disease etc

Levy on sugary drinks

Tax on high sugar drinks

Tackle one of the underlying sources of the problem

Fix the root causes of the issue

Recommended daily intake of sugar

The amount of sugar the government/medical experts suggest you should consume every day.

Invest in obesity-reduction programmes

Put money into ways to reduce the weight of the population

Swapping sugar for artificial sweeteners

Changing sugar for other products which have a sweet flavour-e.g. Stevia

Slashed the sugar content in their drinks

Dramatically reduced the amount of sugar in their drinks

Facts related to the new sugar tax (Taken directly from the BBC Article)

  • The number of new soft drink launches with less than 5g of sugar per 100ml since the 2016 report has risen from 32 to 45. Inversely, new beverages above the recommended threshold are down from 60 to 49 in 2018.
  • Cutting out fizzy drinks is a great start, but experts believe they account for only 5% of the larger obesity issue.
  • Looking long-term, one Cambridge University study uses a different yardstick to measure success. It estimates that the tax raised liable soft drink prices by approximately 38%, leading to a 26% decrease in consumption in England. Researchers say this decrease would prevent approximately 370 coronary heart disease deaths, effectively generating about 4,490 life years by 2021. Comparing the 617,000 hospital admissions in 2016 in which obesity was a factor, the projection becomes all the more realistic.

Real IELTS Question Related to Sugar Restriction

Some think that sugar restriction should be on a governmental level, while others think that everyone should do it by themselves. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

This vocabulary list will help you a lot with the reasons that the government should be responsible for restricting sugar intake. You also need ideas that explain why people should be responsible. I would advise thinking about:

  1. The role of parents
  2. Individual responsibility
  3. The limits of governmental power.

Please bear in mind that this question doesn’t only ask about sugary drinks, you should consider other products with high sugar content such as chocolate, cereals, cookies, bread and cakes.

Foods with High Sugar Content Article

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